the spring equinox
Ballon d'Alsace

At the spring equinox, if we observe it from the Ballon d’Alsace, the sun rises behind the Black Forest Belchen 70 km away

Anfang Mai / Beltene
Ballon d'Alsace
About 40 days after the spring equinox, beginning of the Celtic summer half-year, the sun rises in the east-northeast behind the summit of the Grand Ballon.
21.6 summer solstice
Ballon d'Alsace

At the summer solstice, the sun rises in the northeast above the Markstein, in the direction of the Petit Ballon

Anfang August / Lugnasad
Ballon d'Alsace
About 40 days after the summer solstice, the sun rises in the east-northeast, behind the summit of the Grand Ballon.
22.9. the autumn equinox
Ballon d'Alsace

At the autumnal equinox, if we observe it from the Ballon d’Alsace, the sun rises behind the summit of Schwarzwaldbelchen 70 km away.

Anfang November / Samhain
Ballon d'Alsace

About 40 days after the autumn equinox, beginning of the Celtic winter half-year. The three Celtic settlements Britzgyberg, Basel-Gasfabrik and Augusta Raurica are on the line of the sunrise.

21.12. Winter solstice
Ballon d'Alsace

The sun rises in the southeast behind the Tödi in the Glarus Alps, in between lies the Jura Belchen

Anfang Februar / Imbolc
Ballon d'Alsace
About 40 days after the winter solstice, middle of the Celtic winter half-year. The sun rises in east-southeast. The three Celtic settlements Britzgyberg, Basel-Gasfabrik and Augusta Raurica are on the line of the sunrise.

Lörrach

The Ottilien Chapel in Obertüllingen

The Ottilien Chapel in Obertüllingen

In the shade of the trees on the terrace in front of the Ottilien-Kirche, you can let your gaze wander from the Black Forest, across the Jura to the Burgunder Pforte and on through to the southern Vosges. According to one of the many legends this was, together with two other hills around Basle, home to one of the “three sisters”, daughter of a knight from Schloss Pfeffingen, whose lover was murdered by her father (Binningen – St. Margarethen and Bettingen – St. Chrischona). This type of legend involving three women is closely linked to a pre-Christian belief system, containing such figures as the Roman-Celtic Matronae and the German Nornen, and to the triad of Mother Moon, Mother Earth and Mother Sun. In the Ottilien Kirche there is a further link to female trilogy, a fresco of the three Marias, Mary Magdelene, Mary-Salome and Mary Kleopas, gathered at Christ’s grave. It is thought to be the work of Konrad Witz. The original patronage of the church remains unknown. It is possibly a St. Michael’s Chapel that was built on a pre-Christian holy site.